Viticulture is an ancient art that has evolved in many ways over the years, adapting to various geographical and climatic conditions.
One of the most challenging forms of viticulture is carried out in mountainous regions. This is known as mountain viticulture or heroic viticulture.
These high-altitude vineyards, although complex, offer a unique environment for grape cultivation, resulting in wines of distinctive character and exceptional quality that are recognized internationally.
Requirements for mountain viticulture
According to CERVIM (Centre for Research, Study, Safeguard, Coordination, and Valorization of Mountain Viticulture), high mountain vineyards must meet the following conditions:
- Cultivation on steep slopes, on land with more than a 30% incline
- Altitude is 500 meters above sea level
- Vines located on cultivation terraces
- Vineyards located on small islands
Characteristics of mountain viticulture:
The lands that meet the above-mentioned requirements have peculiarities that set them apart from any other territory where vineyards are cultivated.
As we ascend to higher altitudes, temperatures tend to be colder. This can slow down the ripening cycle of grapes, beneficial for the accumulation of flavors and aromas.
Mountain vineyards are often planted in steeper and rockier soils. This means that vine roots have to work harder to obtain nutrients and water, resulting in more concentrated and flavorful grapes.
Variable sun exposure
Sun exposure can vary significantly on mountain slopes. This can create diverse unique microclimates within the same vineyard, influencing the maturity and flavor of the grapes.
Altitude and UV light
Higher altitude in the mountains means that grapes are closer to the sun and, therefore, receive higher UV radiation. This can promote wines with greater color concentration and antioxidants.
Due to irregular topography, harvesting in mountain vineyards is often done manually. Although more costly, this ensures a more careful selection of grapes.
Lower yield, higher quality
While yields per hectare are usually lower in mountainous regions, the resulting wines are often of high quality, with intense flavors and an elegant structure.
At Bodegas Ferrera, we have embraced mountain viticulture with passion and dedication. Our high-altitude vineyards located at Valle de Güímar in Tenerife are a testament to our tireless pursuit of excellence. Each bottle of wine that leaves our winery is the result of the fusion between the magic of the mountains and artisanal skill. Join us on this exciting oenological journey and discover how altitude and passion come together in every sip of our wines, leading you to a unique and unforgettable experience.